ACT IV SCENE I

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King Henry VI, Part I

ACT IV SCENE I Paris. A hall of state.
[ Enter KING HENRY VI, GLOUCESTER, BISHOP OF WINCHESTER, YORK, SUFFOLK, SOMERSET, WARWICK, TALBOT, EXETER, the Governor, of Paris, and others ]
GLOUCESTER Lord bishop, set the crown upon his head.
BISHOP OF WINCHESTER God save King Henry, of that name the sixth!
GLOUCESTER Now, governor of Paris, take your oath,
That you elect no other king but him;
Esteem none friends but such as are his friends, 5
And none your foes but such as shall pretend
Malicious practises against his state:
This shall ye do, so help you righteous God!
[Enter FASTOLFE]
FASTOLFE My gracious sovereign, as I rode from Calais,
To haste unto your coronation, 10
A letter was deliver’d to my hands,
Writ to your grace from the Duke of Burgundy.
TALBOT Shame to the Duke of Burgundy and thee!
I vow’d, base knight, when I did meet thee next,
To tear the garter from thy craven’s leg, 15
[Plucking it off]
Which I have done, because unworthily
Thou wast installed in that high degree.
Pardon me, princely Henry, and the rest
This dastard, at the battle of Patay,
When but in all I was six thousand strong 20
And that the French were almost ten to one,
Before we met or that a stroke was given,
Like to a trusty squire did run away:
In which assault we lost twelve hundred men;
Myself and divers gentlemen beside 25
Were there surprised and taken prisoners.
Then judge, great lords, if I have done amiss;
Or whether that such cowards ought to wear
This ornament of knighthood, yea or no.
GLOUCESTER To say the truth, this fact was infamous 30
And ill beseeming any common man,
Much more a knight, a captain and a leader.
TALBOT When first this order was ordain’d, my lords,
Knights of the garter were of noble birth,
Valiant and virtuous, full of haughty courage, 35
Such as were grown to credit by the wars;
Not fearing death, nor shrinking for distress,
But always resolute in most extremes.
He then that is not furnish’d in this sort
Doth but usurp the sacred name of knight, 40
Profaning this most honourable order,
And should, if I were worthy to be judge,
Be quite degraded, like a hedge-born swain
That doth presume to boast of gentle blood.
KING HENRY VI Stain to thy countrymen, thou hear’st thy doom! 45
Be packing, therefore, thou that wast a knight:
Henceforth we banish thee, on pain of death.
[Exit FASTOLFE]
And now, my lord protector, view the letter
Sent from our uncle Duke of Burgundy.
GLOUCESTER What means his grace, that he hath changed his style? 50
No more but, plain and bluntly, ‘To the king!’
Hath he forgot he is his sovereign?

Or doth this churlish superscription
Pretend some alteration in good will?
What’s here? 55
[Reads]
‘I have, upon especial cause,
Moved with compassion of my country’s wreck,
Together with the pitiful complaints
Of such as your oppression feeds upon,
Forsaken your pernicious faction 60
And join’d with Charles, the rightful King of France.’
O monstrous treachery! can this be so,
That in alliance, amity and oaths,
There should be found such false dissembling guile?
KING HENRY VI What! doth my uncle Burgundy revolt? 65
GLOUCESTER He doth, my lord, and is become your foe.
KING HENRY VI Is that the worst this letter doth contain?
GLOUCESTER It is the worst, and all, my lord, he writes.
KING HENRY VI Why, then, Lord Talbot there shall talk with him
And give him chastisement for this abuse. 70
How say you, my lord? are you not content?
TALBOT Content, my liege! yes, but that I am prevented,
I should have begg’d I might have been employ’d.
KING HENRY VI Then gather strength and march unto him straight:
Let him perceive how ill we brook his treason 75
And what offence it is to flout his friends.
TALBOT I go, my lord, in heart desiring still
You may behold confusion of your foes.
[Exit]
[Enter VERNON and BASSET]
VERNON Grant me the combat, gracious sovereign.
BASSET And me, my lord, grant me the combat too. 80
YORK This is my servant: hear him, noble prince.
SOMERSET And this is mine: sweet Henry, favour him.
KING HENRY VI Be patient, lords; and give them leave to speak.
Say, gentlemen, what makes you thus exclaim?
And wherefore crave you combat? or with whom? 85
VERNON With him, my lord; for he hath done me wrong.
BASSET And I with him; for he hath done me wrong.
KING HENRY VI What is that wrong whereof you both complain?
First let me know, and then I’ll answer you.
BASSET Crossing the sea from England into France, 90
This fellow here, with envious carping tongue,
Upbraided me about the rose I wear;
Saying, the sanguine colour of the leaves
Did represent my master’s blushing cheeks,
When stubbornly he did repugn the truth 95
About a certain question in the law
Argued betwixt the Duke of York and him;
With other vile and ignominious terms:
In confutation of which rude reproach
And in defence of my lord’s worthiness, 100
I crave the benefit of law of arms.
VERNON And that is my petition, noble lord:
For though he seem with forged quaint conceit
To set a gloss upon his bold intent,
Yet know, my lord, I was provoked by him; 105
And he first took exceptions at this badge,
Pronouncing that the paleness of this flower
Bewray’d the faintness of my master’s heart.
YORK Will not this malice, Somerset, be left?
SOMERSET Your private grudge, my Lord of York, will out, 110
Though ne’er so cunningly you smother it.
KING HENRY VI Good Lord, what madness rules in brainsick men,
When for so slight and frivolous a cause
Such factious emulations shall arise!
Good cousins both, of York and Somerset, 115
Quiet yourselves, I pray, and be at peace.
YORK Let this dissension first be tried by fight,
And then your highness shall command a peace.
SOMERSET The quarrel toucheth none but us alone;
Betwixt ourselves let us decide it then. 120
YORK There is my pledge; accept it, Somerset.
VERNON Nay, let it rest where it began at first.
BASSET Confirm it so, mine honourable lord.
GLOUCESTER Confirm it so! Confounded be your strife!
And perish ye, with your audacious prate! 125
Presumptuous vassals, are you not ashamed
With this immodest clamorous outrage
To trouble and disturb the king and us?
And you, my lords, methinks you do not well
To bear with their perverse objections; 130
Much less to take occasion from their mouths
To raise a mutiny betwixt yourselves:
Let me persuade you take a better course.
EXETER It grieves his highness: good my lords, be friends.
KING HENRY VI Come hither, you that would be combatants: 135
Henceforth I charge you, as you love our favour,
Quite to forget this quarrel and the cause.
And you, my lords, remember where we are,
In France, amongst a fickle wavering nation:
If they perceive dissension in our looks 140
And that within ourselves we disagree,
How will their grudging stomachs be provoked
To wilful disobedience, and rebel!
Beside, what infamy will there arise,
When foreign princes shall be certified 145
That for a toy, a thing of no regard,
King Henry’s peers and chief nobility
Destroy’d themselves, and lost the realm of France!
O, think upon the conquest of my father,
My tender years, and let us not forego 150
That for a trifle that was bought with blood
Let me be umpire in this doubtful strife.
I see no reason, if I wear this rose,
[Putting on a red rose]
That any one should therefore be suspicious
I more incline to Somerset than York: 155
Both are my kinsmen, and I love them both:
As well they may upbraid me with my crown,
Because, forsooth, the king of Scots is crown’d.
But your discretions better can persuade
Than I am able to instruct or teach: 160
And therefore, as we hither came in peace,
So let us still continue peace and love.
Cousin of York, we institute your grace
To be our regent in these parts of France:
And, good my Lord of Somerset, unite 165
Your troops of horsemen with his bands of foot;
And, like true subjects, sons of your progenitors,
Go cheerfully together and digest.
Your angry choler on your enemies.
Ourself, my lord protector and the rest 170
After some respite will return to Calais;
From thence to England; where I hope ere long
To be presented, by your victories,
With Charles, Alencon and that traitorous rout.
[ Flourish. Exeunt all but YORK, WARWICK, EXETER and VERNON ]
WARWICK My Lord of York, I promise you, the king 175
Prettily, methought, did play the orator.
YORK And so he did; but yet I like it not,
In that he wears the badge of Somerset.
WARWICK Tush, that was but his fancy, blame him not;
I dare presume, sweet prince, he thought no harm. 180
YORK An if I wist he did,–but let it rest;
Other affairs must now be managed.
[Exeunt all but EXETER]
EXETER Well didst thou, Richard, to suppress thy voice;
For, had the passions of thy heart burst out,
I fear we should have seen decipher’d there 185
More rancorous spite, more furious raging broils,
Than yet can be imagined or supposed.
But howsoe’er, no simple man that sees
This jarring discord of nobility,
This shouldering of each other in the court, 190
This factious bandying of their favourites,
But that it doth presage some ill event.
‘Tis much when sceptres are in children’s hands;
But more when envy breeds unkind division;
There comes the rain, there begins confusion. 195
[Exit]

Continue to 1 Henry VI, Act 4, Scene 2