ACT IV SCENE I

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Henry V

ACT IV PROLOGUE.
Enter Chorus
Chorus Now entertain conjecture of a time
When creeping murmur and the poring dark
Fills the wide vessel of the universe.
From camp to camp through the foul womb of night  5
The hum of either army stilly sounds,
That the fixed sentinels almost receive
The secret whispers of each other’s watch:
Fire answers fire, and through their paly flames
Each battle sees the other’s umber’d face;  10
Steed threatens steed, in high and boastful neighs
Piercing the night’s dull ear, and from the tents
The armourers, accomplishing the knights,
With busy hammers closing rivets up,
Give dreadful note of preparation:  15
The country cocks do crow, the clocks do toll,
And the third hour of drowsy morning name.
Proud of their numbers and secure in soul,
The confident and over-lusty French
Do the low-rated English play at dice;  20
And chide the cripple tardy-gaited night
Who, like a foul and ugly witch, doth limp
So tediously away. The poor condemned English,
Like sacrifices, by their watchful fires
Sit patiently and inly ruminate  25
The morning’s danger, and their gesture sad
Investing lank-lean; cheeks and war-worn coats
Presenteth them unto the gazing moon
So many horrid ghosts. O now, who will behold
The royal captain of this ruin’d band  30
Walking from watch to watch, from tent to tent,
Let him cry ‘Praise and glory on his head!’
For forth he goes and visits all his host.
Bids them good morrow with a modest smile
And calls them brothers, friends and countrymen.  35
Upon his royal face there is no note
How dread an army hath enrounded him;
Nor doth he dedicate one jot of colour
Unto the weary and all-watched night,
But freshly looks and over-bears attaint  40
With cheerful semblance and sweet majesty;
That every wretch, pining and pale before,
Beholding him, plucks comfort from his looks:
A largess universal like the sun
His liberal eye doth give to every one,  45
Thawing cold fear, that mean and gentle all,
Behold, as may unworthiness define,
A little touch of Harry in the night.
And so our scene must to the battle fly;
Where–O for pity!–we shall much disgrace  50
With four or five most vile and ragged foils,
Right ill-disposed in brawl ridiculous,
The name of Agincourt. Yet sit and see,
Minding true things by what their mockeries be.
Exit
ACT IV SCENE I The English camp at Agincourt.  55
Enter KING HENRY, BEDFORD, and GLOUCESTER
KING HENRY V Gloucester, ’tis true that we are in great danger;
The greater therefore should our courage be.
Good morrow, brother Bedford. God Almighty!
There is some soul of goodness in things evil,
Would men observingly distil it out.  60
For our bad neighbour makes us early stirrers,
Which is both healthful and good husbandry:
Besides, they are our outward consciences,
And preachers to us all, admonishing
That we should dress us fairly for our end.  65
Thus may we gather honey from the weed,
And make a moral of the devil himself.
Enter ERPINGHAM
Good morrow, old Sir Thomas Erpingham:
A good soft pillow for that good white head
Were better than a churlish turf of France.  70
ERPINGHAM Not so, my liege: this lodging likes me better,
Since I may say ‘Now lie I like a king.’
KING HENRY V ‘Tis good for men to love their present pains
Upon example; so the spirit is eased:
And when the mind is quicken’d, out of doubt,  75
The organs, though defunct and dead before,
Break up their drowsy grave and newly move,
With casted slough and fresh legerity.
Lend me thy cloak, Sir Thomas. Brothers both,
Commend me to the princes in our camp;  80
Do my good morrow to them, and anon
Desire them an to my pavilion.
GLOUCESTER We shall, my liege.
ERPINGHAM Shall I attend your grace?
KING HENRY V No, my good knight;  85
Go with my brothers to my lords of England:
I and my bosom must debate awhile,
And then I would no other company.
ERPINGHAM The Lord in heaven bless thee, noble Harry!
Exeunt all but KING HENRY.
KING HENRY V God-a-mercy, old heart! thou speak’st cheerfully.  90
Enter PISTOL
PISTOL Qui va la?
KING HENRY V A friend.
PISTOL Discuss unto me; art thou officer?
Or art thou base, common and popular?
KING HENRY V I am a gentleman of a company.  95
PISTOL Trail’st thou the puissant pike?
KING HENRY V Even so. What are you?
PISTOL As good a gentleman as the emperor.
KING HENRY V Then you are a better than the king.
PISTOL The king’s a bawcock, and a heart of gold,  100
A lad of life, an imp of fame;
Of parents good, of fist most valiant.
I kiss his dirty shoe, and from heart-string
I love the lovely bully. What is thy name?
KING HENRY V Harry le Roy.  105
PISTOL Le Roy! a Cornish name: art thou of Cornish crew?
KING HENRY V No, I am a Welshman.
PISTOL Know’st thou Fluellen?
KING HENRY V Yes.
PISTOL Tell him, I’ll knock his leek about his pate  110
Upon Saint Davy’s day.
KING HENRY V Do not you wear your dagger in your cap that day,
lest he knock that about yours.
PISTOL Art thou his friend?
KING HENRY V And his kinsman too.  115
PISTOL The figo for thee, then!
KING HENRY V I thank you: God be with you!
PISTOL My name is Pistol call’d.
Exit
KING HENRY V It sorts well with your fierceness.
Enter FLUELLEN and GOWER
GOWER Captain Fluellen!  120
FLUELLEN So! in the name of Jesu Christ, speak lower. It is
the greatest admiration of the universal world, when
the true and aunchient prerogatifes and laws of the
wars is not kept: if you would take the pains but to

examine the wars of Pompey the Great, you shall
 125
find, I warrant you, that there is no tiddle toddle
nor pibble pabble in Pompey’s camp; I warrant you,
you shall find the ceremonies of the wars, and the
cares of it, and the forms of it, and the sobriety
of it, and the modesty of it, to be otherwise.  130
GOWER Why, the enemy is loud; you hear him all night.
FLUELLEN If the enemy is an ass and a fool and a prating
coxcomb, is it meet, think you, that we should also,
look you, be an ass and a fool and a prating
coxcomb? in your own conscience, now?  135
GOWER I will speak lower.
FLUELLEN I pray you and beseech you that you will.
Exeunt GOWER and FLUELLEN.
KING HENRY V Though it appear a little out of fashion,
There is much care and valour in this Welshman.
Enter three soldiers, JOHN BATES, ALEXANDER COURT, and MICHAEL WILLIAMS
COURT Brother John Bates, is not that the morning which  140
breaks yonder?
BATES I think it be: but we have no great cause to desire
the approach of day.
WILLIAMS We see yonder the beginning of the day, but I think
we shall never see the end of it. Who goes there?  145
KING HENRY V A friend.
WILLIAMS Under what captain serve you?
KING HENRY V Under Sir Thomas Erpingham.
WILLIAMS A good old commander and a most kind gentleman: I
pray you, what thinks he of our estate?  150
KING HENRY V Even as men wrecked upon a sand, that look to be
washed off the next tide.
BATES He hath not told his thought to the king?
KING HENRY V No; nor it is not meet he should. For, though I
speak it to you, I think the king is but a man, as I  155
am: the violet smells to him as it doth to me: the
element shows to him as it doth to me; all his
senses have but human conditions: his ceremonies
laid by, in his nakedness he appears but a man; and
though his affections are higher mounted than ours,  160
yet, when they stoop, they stoop with the like
wing. Therefore when he sees reason of fears, as we
do, his fears, out of doubt, be of the same relish
as ours are: yet, in reason, no man should possess
him with any appearance of fear, lest he, by showing  165
it, should dishearten his army.
BATES He may show what outward courage he will; but I
believe, as cold a night as ’tis, he could wish
himself in Thames up to the neck; and so I would he
were, and I by him, at all adventures, so we were quit here.  170
KING HENRY V By my troth, I will speak my conscience of the king:
I think he would not wish himself any where but
where he is.
BATES Then I would he were here alone; so should he be
sure to be ransomed, and a many poor men’s lives saved.  175
KING HENRY V I dare say you love him not so ill, to wish him here
alone, howsoever you speak this to feel other men’s
minds: methinks I could not die any where so
contented as in the king’s company; his cause being
just and his quarrel honourable.  180
WILLIAMS That’s more than we know.
BATES Ay, or more than we should seek after; for we know
enough, if we know we are the kings subjects: if
his cause be wrong, our obedience to the king wipes
the crime of it out of us.  185
WILLIAMS But if the cause be not good, the king himself hath
a heavy reckoning to make, when all those legs and
arms and heads, chopped off in battle, shall join
together at the latter day and cry all ‘We died at
such a place;’ some swearing, some crying for a  190
surgeon, some upon their wives left poor behind
them, some upon the debts they owe, some upon their
children rawly left. I am afeard there are few die
well that die in a battle; for how can they
charitably dispose of any thing, when blood is their  195
argument? Now, if these men do not die well, it
will be a black matter for the king that led them to
it; whom to disobey were against all proportion of
subjection.
KING HENRY V So, if a son that is by his father sent about  200
merchandise do sinfully miscarry upon the sea, the
imputation of his wickedness by your rule, should be
imposed upon his father that sent him: or if a
servant, under his master’s command transporting a
sum of money, be assailed by robbers and die in  205
many irreconciled iniquities, you may call the
business of the master the author of the servant’s
damnation: but this is not so: the king is not
bound to answer the particular endings of his
soldiers, the father of his son, nor the master of  210
his servant; for they purpose not their death, when
they purpose their services. Besides, there is no
king, be his cause never so spotless, if it come to
the arbitrement of swords, can try it out with all
unspotted soldiers: some peradventure have on them  215
the guilt of premeditated and contrived murder;
some, of beguiling virgins with the broken seals of
perjury; some, making the wars their bulwark, that
have before gored the gentle bosom of peace with
pillage and robbery. Now, if these men have  220
defeated the law and outrun native punishment,
though they can outstrip men, they have no wings to
fly from God: war is his beadle, war is vengeance;
so that here men are punished for before-breach of
the king’s laws in now the king’s quarrel: where  225
they feared the death, they have borne life away;
and where they would be safe, they perish: then if
they die unprovided, no more is the king guilty of
their damnation than he was before guilty of those
impieties for the which they are now visited. Every  230
subject’s duty is the king’s; but every subject’s
soul is his own. Therefore should every soldier in
the wars do as every sick man in his bed, wash every
mote out of his conscience: and dying so, death
is to him advantage; or not dying, the time was  235
blessedly lost wherein such preparation was gained:
and in him that escapes, it were not sin to think
that, making God so free an offer, He let him
outlive that day to see His greatness and to teach
others how they should prepare.  240
WILLIAMS ‘Tis certain, every man that dies ill, the ill upon
his own head, the king is not to answer it.
BATES But I do not desire he should answer for me; and
yet I determine to fight lustily for him.
KING HENRY V I myself heard the king say he would not be ransomed.  245
WILLIAMS Ay, he said so, to make us fight cheerfully: but
when our throats are cut, he may be ransomed, and we
ne’er the wiser.
KING HENRY V If I live to see it, I will never trust his word after.
WILLIAMS You pay him then. That’s a perilous shot out of an  250
elder-gun, that a poor and private displeasure can
do against a monarch! you may as well go about to
turn the sun to ice with fanning in his face with a
peacock’s feather. You’ll never trust his word
after! come, ’tis a foolish saying.  255
KING HENRY V Your reproof is something too round: I should be
angry with you, if the time were convenient.
WILLIAMS Let it be a quarrel between us, if you live.
KING HENRY V I embrace it.
WILLIAMS How shall I know thee again?  260
KING HENRY V Give me any gage of thine, and I will wear it in my
bonnet: then, if ever thou darest acknowledge it, I
will make it my quarrel.
WILLIAMS Here’s my glove: give me another of thine.
KING HENRY V There.  265
WILLIAMS This will I also wear in my cap: if ever thou come
to me and say, after to-morrow, ‘This is my glove,’
by this hand, I will take thee a box on the ear.
KING HENRY V If ever I live to see it, I will challenge it.
WILLIAMS Thou darest as well be hanged.  270
KING HENRY V Well. I will do it, though I take thee in the
king’s company.
WILLIAMS Keep thy word: fare thee well.
BATES Be friends, you English fools, be friends: we have
French quarrels enow, if you could tell how to reckon.  275
KING HENRY V Indeed, the French may lay twenty French crowns to
one, they will beat us; for they bear them on their
shoulders: but it is no English treason to cut
French crowns, and to-morrow the king himself will
be a clipper.  280
Exeunt soldiers.
Upon the king! let us our lives, our souls,
Our debts, our careful wives,
Our children and our sins lay on the king!
We must bear all. O hard condition,
Twin-born with greatness, subject to the breath  285
Of every fool, whose sense no more can feel
But his own wringing! What infinite heart’s-ease
Must kings neglect, that private men enjoy!
And what have kings, that privates have not too,
Save ceremony, save general ceremony?  290
And what art thou, thou idle ceremony?
What kind of god art thou, that suffer’st more
Of mortal griefs than do thy worshippers?
What are thy rents? what are thy comings in?
O ceremony, show me but thy worth!  295
What is thy soul of adoration?
Art thou aught else but place, degree and form,
Creating awe and fear in other men?
Wherein thou art less happy being fear’d
Than they in fearing.  300
What drink’st thou oft, instead of homage sweet,
But poison’d flattery? O, be sick, great greatness,
And bid thy ceremony give thee cure!
Think’st thou the fiery fever will go out
With titles blown from adulation?  305
Will it give place to flexure and low bending?
Canst thou, when thou command’st the beggar’s knee,
Command the health of it? No, thou proud dream,
That play’st so subtly with a king’s repose;
I am a king that find thee, and I know  310
‘Tis not the balm, the sceptre and the ball,
The sword, the mace, the crown imperial,
The intertissued robe of gold and pearl,
The farced title running ‘fore the king,
The throne he sits on, nor the tide of pomp  315
That beats upon the high shore of this world,
No, not all these, thrice-gorgeous ceremony,
Not all these, laid in bed majestical,
Can sleep so soundly as the wretched slave,
Who with a body fill’d and vacant mind  320
Gets him to rest, cramm’d with distressful bread;
Never sees horrid night, the child of hell,
But, like a lackey, from the rise to set
Sweats in the eye of Phoebus and all night
Sleeps in Elysium; next day after dawn,  325
Doth rise and help Hyperion to his horse,
And follows so the ever-running year,
With profitable labour, to his grave:
And, but for ceremony, such a wretch,
Winding up days with toil and nights with sleep,  330
Had the fore-hand and vantage of a king.
The slave, a member of the country’s peace,
Enjoys it; but in gross brain little wots
What watch the king keeps to maintain the peace,
Whose hours the peasant best advantages.  335
Enter ERPINGHAM.
ERPINGHAM My lord, your nobles, jealous of your absence,
Seek through your camp to find you.
KING HENRY V Good old knight,
Collect them all together at my tent:
I’ll be before thee.  340
ERPINGHAM I shall do’t, my lord.
Exit.
KING HENRY V O God of battles! steel my soldiers’ hearts;
Possess them not with fear; take from them now
The sense of reckoning, if the opposed numbers
Pluck their hearts from them. Not to-day, O Lord,  345
O, not to-day, think not upon the fault
My father made in compassing the crown!
I Richard’s body have interred anew;
And on it have bestow’d more contrite tears
Than from it issued forced drops of blood:  350
Five hundred poor I have in yearly pay,
Who twice a-day their wither’d hands hold up
Toward heaven, to pardon blood; and I have built
Two chantries, where the sad and solemn priests
Sing still for Richard’s soul. More will I do;  355
Though all that I can do is nothing worth,
Since that my penitence comes after all,
Imploring pardon.
Enter GLOUCESTER.
GLOUCESTER My liege!
KING HENRY V My brother Gloucester’s voice? Ay;  360
I know thy errand, I will go with thee:
The day, my friends and all things stay for me.
Exeunt

Henry V, Act 4, Scene 2