ACT III SCENE III

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Macbeth

ACT III SCENE III A park near the palace.
[Enter three Murderers]
First Murderer But who did bid thee join with us?
Third Murderer Macbeth.
Second Murderer He needs not our mistrust, since he delivers
Our offices and what we have to do
To the direction just.
First Murderer Then stand with us.
The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day:
Now spurs the lated traveller apace
To gain the timely inn; and near approaches
The subject of our watch.
Third Murderer Hark! I hear horses.
BANQUO [Within] Give us a light there, ho!
Second Murderer Then ’tis he: the rest
That are within the note of expectation 10
Already are i’ the court.
First Murderer His horses go about.
Third Murderer Almost a mile: but he does usually,
So all men do, from hence to the palace gate
Make it their walk.
Second Murderer A light, a light!
[Enter BANQUO, and FLEANCE with a torch]
Third Murderer ‘Tis he.
First Murderer Stand to’t.
BANQUO It will be rain to-night.
First Murderer Let it come down.
[They set upon BANQUO]
BANQUO O, treachery! Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly!
Thou mayst revenge. O slave!
[Dies. FLEANCE escapes]
Third Murderer Who did strike out the light?
First Murderer Wast not the way?
Third Murderer There’s but one down; the son is fled.
Second Murderer We have lost
Best half of our affair. 20
First Murderer Well, let’s away, and say how much is done.
[Exeunt]

Next: Macbeth, Act 3, Scene 4
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Explanatory Notes for Act 3, Scene 3
From Macbeth. Ed. Thomas Marc Parrott. New York: American Book Co.
(Line numbers have been altered.)
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This scene, short as it is, contains the climax of the drama. So far everything has been in Macbeth’s favour, and, outwardly at least, his career has been one unbroken series of successes. The escape of Fleance is his first piece of bad luck. From this time on, however, everything goes wrong with Macbeth. The various incidents that contribute to his downfall will be pointed out as they occur in the course of the action. It is enough, here, to call the attention of the student to the fact that this scene is the turning-point of the drama.

It has been rather foolishly asserted that the Third Murderer who appears in this scene is Macbeth himself. Had Shakespeare meant this, we may be sure that he would have given the audience a hint to that effect. The speeches of Macbeth to the First Murderer in the next scene show conclusively, I think, that he was ignorant of the details of the assault on Banquo, which would not have been the case had he himself been one of the murderers. We may perhaps take the Third Murderer to be the “perfect spy” of iii. I. 130 whom Macbeth sends at the last moment as a re-enforcement to the ambush.

2. needs not our mistrust, we need not distrust him. The Second Murderer says these words to the First, who is evidently suspicious of the newcomer. He goes on to say that the third man has repeated Macbeth’s instructions as to the time and place of the deed exactly as they were given in the first place, “to the direction just,” which shows that he comes straight from the king.

3. offices, business.

7. timely, appropriate to the time, welcome.

8. The subject of our watch, the man we are waiting for.

9. Give us a light, Banquo says these words to one of his servants. He sends them on the winding road with the horses while he and Fleance take the straight path through the woods to the palace. Fleance carries the torch to light them on their way.

10. the note of expectation, the list of the expected guests.

11. about, the long way around.

15. stand to’t, get ready.

16. It will be rain to-night. This remark of Banquo’s shows how utterly unprepared he is for the treacherous assault.

17, 18. It is characteristic of the brave and self-possessed Banquo, that even at this terrible moment he thinks of his son, and contrives to get him away in the hope that he may revenge his father’s death.

19. Was’t not the way? Was not that the right thing to do?

20, 21. lost Best half of our affair, left the best part of our work undone.

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How to cite the explanatory notes:Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. Ed. Thomas Marc Parrott. New York: American Book Co., 1904.