Shakespeare Glossary: C
CABIN: temporary shelter; a cave; the den of an animal.
CABIN’D: to imprison or confine.
CABLE: scope (a nautical metaphor used in Oth 1.2.17).
CACODEMON: evil spirit.
CADE: small barrel or keg (a barrel of herrings in 2kh6 4.2.36).
CADDIS: worsted tape or binding used for garters.
CADMUS: son of Agenor, King of Phoenicia, and the founder of Thebes.
CADUCEUS: the wand of Mercury, around which two snakes are twined.
CADWALADER: last king of the Welsh. Known for his feats of valour against the Saxons.
CAESAR: supreme ruler; emperor.
CAGE (1): a prison.
CAGE (2): a wicker-work basket.
CAIN-COLOURED: red (supposed color of Cain’s hair).
CAITIFF: a wretch (used to express pity).
CALIVER: a hand-gun, lighter than a musket.
CALLET, CALLAT, CALLOT: a woman of bad character.
CALLING: appellation; title.
CALM (1): to becalm.
CALM (2): confused with “qualm” in 2KH4 3.4.39.
CAMEL: derrogatory name for an awkward person.
CAMELOT: the court of King Arthur.
CAN: to know, be skillful in.
CANAKIN: small can or drinking vessel.
CANARY (1): a wine brought from the Canary Islands.
CANARY (2): lively Spanish dance.
CANARY (3): mistaken for “quandary” by Mrs. Quickly in Wiv. 2.2.61.
CANCER: the fourth sign of the zodiac.
CANDIDATUS: candidate for Roman office, named after the white gown worn by Roman senators.
CANDLE: a light made of wax and a wick; the stars; the “light” of the human spirit.
CANDLE-CASE: case to store candles.
CANDLE-HOLDER: one who lights others while they work.
CANDLE-MINE: a mass of tallow.
CANDLE-WASTER: one who wastes candles by studying late into the night.
CANKER: a worm that destroys leaves; a spreading sore or ulcer.
CANSTICK: a candlestick.
CANTLE: a corner piece; part.
CANTON: a song.
CANVASS: to deal with severely; to toss.
CANZONET: a short song.
CAP: a head-covering; give up for lost; top, chief.
CAPABLE: able to take in much; sensible; capable of; gifted.
CAP-A-PE: from head to foot.
CAPER: the flower of the caper-bush, used for pickling.
CAPET: Hugh Capet, the first French king of the Capetian dynasty.
CAPITULATE: propose terms; draw up a contract or agreement.
CAPRICIOUS: fantastic; whimsical.
CARACK: a large ship of burden.
CARBONADO: meat scotched for broiling.
CARD: playing-card; to mix with something foul.
CAROUSE: a toast.
CARKANET: a necklace.
CARL: a churl.
CASSIBELAN: King of Britain during Caesar’s reign.
CASTILIAN: a native of Castile; used as a cant term.
CATAIAN: a native of Cathay; a scoundrel.
CAVALERO: a cavalier, gentleman.
CAVIARE: roe of sturgeon pressed and salted (an acquired taste).
CEASE (1): cessation.
CEASE (2): silence.
CENSURE: to judge, criticise, blame.
CENTURY: one hundred years or men.
CEREMONY: an external accessory or a symbol of the state; a portent or omen (used thus in Shk. only).
CESS: rate, reckoning.
CHACE: a term at tennis.
CHAMBER: a species of great gun.
CHAMBERER: an effeminate man.
CHANSON: a song.
CHARACT: affected quality.
CHARACTER: a letter, handwriting.
CHARACTER: to carve or engrave.
CHARE: a turn of work.
CHARGE-HOUSE: a boarding-school.
CHARNECO: a type of wine.
CHEQUIN: sequin, gold coin of Turkey and Italy.
CHEQUES: perhaps intended for ethics.
CHEER: fortune, countenance.
CHERRY-PIT: a game played with cherrystones.
CHEVERIL: kid leather.
CHILL: ‘I will’.
CHIRURGEONLY: like a skilled surgeon.
CHOPINE: a high shoe with a cork sole, worn in Renaissance Italy and Spain.
CHRISTENDOM: the state of being a Christian.
CHRISTOM CHILD: child in its christening garment.
CHUCK: chick (term of endearment).
CHUFF: avaricious person.
CINQUE-PACE: a lively dance.
CIPHER (1): zero, a mere nothing.
CIPHER (2): to decipher.
CIRCUMSTANCE: a condition; the state of affairs.
CITAL: mention, recite.
CITE: to call or arouse.
CLACK-DISH: a beggar’s wooden dish.
CLAW: to seize; to scratch; to flatter or cajole.
CLEPE: to call.
CLIFF: clef, the key in music.
CLING: to starve.
CLIP: to embrace, enclose.
CLOUT: the mark in the middle of a target.
COAST: to advance.
COBLOAF: a big loaf.
COCK (1): a cockboat.
COCK (2): a spout to release liquor.
COCK-AND-PIE: an oath.
COCKLE: tares or darnel.
COCKNEY: a cook.
COCK-SHUT-TIME: the twilight, when cocks and hens go to roost.
COG: to cheat, dissemble.
COGNIZANCE: badge, token.
COIGN: projecting corner stone.
COIL: tumult, turmoil.
COLLECTION: drawing a conclusion.
COLLIED: blackened. Othello; .
COLT: to defraud, befool.
CO-MART: a joint bargain.
COMBINE: to bind.
COMMODITY: interest, profit.
COMMONTY: used ludicrously for comedy.
COMPACT: compacted, composed.
COMPARATIVE: drawing comparisons.
COMPASSIONATE: moving comparison.
COMPETITOR: one who seeks the same thing.
COMPOSE: to agree.
CON: to learn by heart.
CONCEIT: conception, opinion, fancy.
CONDITION: temper, quality.
CONFECT: to make up into sweetmeats.
CONFOUND: to consume, destroy.
CONSANGUINEOUS: of the same blood.
CONSIGN: to sign a common bond, to confederate.
CONSORT: to accompany.
CONSTANT: settled, determined.
CONSTER: to construe.
CONTINENT: a container; earth; summary or sum.
CONTRACTION: the marriage contract.
CONTRARY: to oppose.
CONTRIVE: to conspire.
CONTROL: to confute.
CONVENT: to convene, summon.
CONVERT: to change.
CONVERTITE: a convert.
CONVEY: to represent oneself; euphemism for “to steal”.
CONVEYANCE: theft, fraud.
CONVICTED: overpowered, defeated.
CONVINCE: to conquer, subdue.
CONVIVE: to feast together.
CONY-CATCH: to cheat.
CONY-CATCHING: poaching, pilfering.
COOLING CARD: used metaphorically for an insurmountable obstacle.
COPATAIN HAT: a high-crowned hat.
COPE: to reward, to give in return.
CORAM: possibly a mistake for “quorum”.
CORANTO: lively dance.
CORINTH: a cant term for a brothel.
CORINTHIAN: a wencher.
CORKY: dry like cork.
CORNUTO: a cuckold.
COROLLARY: a surplus.
CORPORAL: bodily. “Corporals of the field” were army officers who acted as assistants to the sergeant-major.
CORRIVAL: rival or partner.
COSTARD: the head.
COSTER-MONGER: peddling, mercenary.
COTE: a cottage.
COTE: to quote, instance.
COTE: to come alongside, overtake.
COT-QUEAN: an effeminate man, molly-coddle.
COUNT CONFECT: a nobleman composed of affectation.
COUNTENANCE: fair shew.
COUNTERFEIT: deceitful; portrayed (rare).
COUNTERPOINT: a counterpane.
COUNTERVAIL: to equal or counterbalance.
COUPLEMENT: union or coupling.
COURT HOLY-WATER: flattery.
COVENT: a convent.
COVER: to lay the table for dinner.
COWL-STAFF: the pole on which a basket is supported between two people.
COY (1): to stroke or caress.
COY (2): to disdain.
COYSTRIL: a knave; base fellow.
COZEN: to cheat.
COZENER: a cheater.
COZIER: a tailor.
CRACK: to boast.
CRACK: a loud noise, clap.
CRACK-HEMP: a gallows-bird.
CRANK: a winding passage.
CRANTS: garlands. A doubtful word.
CRARE: a ship of burden.
CRAVEN: a dunghill cock.
CREATE: formed, compounded.
CREDENT: believing; credible.
CRESTLESS: not entitled to bear arms, lowborn.
CRISP: curled, winding.
CROSS (1): a piece of money, coin.
CROSS (2): passing from side to side.
CROSS (3): across.
CROSS (4): to meet, face; to pass.
CROW-KEEPER: one who keeps crows away from corn-fields.
CROWNER: a coroner.
CROWNET: a coronet.
CRY (1): the yelping of hounds.
CRY (2): to appeal; to beg.
CRY (3): public report or rumour.
CRY AIM: to encourage.
CUISSES: armour to cover the thighs.
CULLION: a base fellow.
CUNNING (1): skill.
CUNNING (2): bashful.
CUNNING (3): to be strange.
CURB: to bend, truckle.
CURTAIL: a cur.
CURTAL: a docked horse.
CURTAL-AXE: a cutlass.
CUSTALORUM: a ludicrous mistake for Custos Rotulorum.
CUSTARD-COFFIN: the crust of a custard-pie.
CUSTOMER: a common woman.
CUT: to slash; to carve; to preclude (from).
CYPRESS (1): a kind of crape.
CYPRESS (2): tree of durable wood (symbol of mourning).
CYTHEREA : Venus.