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The character Timon has been familiar to audiences since antiquity. References to Timon can be found in the writings of the Greek writers Aristophanes and Plato, and the Latin authors Cicero, Seneca, Strabo, and Pliny the Elder. Shakespeare most likely relied upon two texts for his portrayal of Timon: Life of Antonius by the philosopher Plutarch, and Timon the Misanthrope by the Greek satirist Lucian.