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Enter JOHN OF GAUNT, sick, with the DUKE OF YORK, &c.
JOHN OF GAUNTWill the king come, that I may breathe my last
In wholesome counsel to his unstaid youth?
DUKE OF YORKVex not yourself, nor strive not with your breath;
For all in vain comes counsel to his ear. 5
JOHN OF GAUNTO, but they say the tongues of dying men
Enforce attention like deep harmony:
Where words are scarce, they are seldom spent in vain,
For they breathe truth that breathe their words in pain.
He that no more must say is listen’d more 10
Than they whom youth and ease have taught to glose;
More are men’s ends mark’d than their lives before:
The setting sun, and music at the close,
As the last taste of sweets, is sweetest last,
Writ in remembrance more than things long past: 15
Though Richard my life’s counsel would not hear,
My death’s sad tale may yet undeaf his ear.
DUKE OF YORKNo; it is stopp’d with other flattering sounds,
As praises, of whose taste the wise are fond,
Lascivious metres, to whose venom sound 20
The open ear of youth doth always listen;
Report of fashions in proud Italy,
Whose manners still our tardy apish nation
Limps after in base imitation.
Where doth the world thrust forth a vanity– 25
So it be new, there’s no respect how vile–
That is not quickly buzzed into his ears?
Then all too late comes counsel to be heard,
Where will doth mutiny with wit’s regard.
Direct not him whose way himself will choose: 30
‘Tis breath thou lack’st, and that breath wilt thou lose.
JOHN OF GAUNTMethinks I am a prophet new inspired
And thus expiring do foretell of him:
His rash fierce blaze of riot cannot last,
For violent fires soon burn out themselves; 35
Small showers last long, but sudden storms are short;
He tires betimes that spurs too fast betimes;
With eager feeding food doth choke the feeder:
Light vanity, insatiate cormorant,
Consuming means, soon preys upon itself. 40
This royal throne of kings, this scepter’d isle,
This earth of majesty, this seat of Mars,
This other Eden, demi-paradise,
This fortress built by Nature for herself
Against infection and the hand of war, 45
This happy breed of men, this little world,
This precious stone set in the silver sea,
Which serves it in the office of a wall,
Or as a moat defensive to a house,
Against the envy of less happier lands, 50
This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England,
This nurse, this teeming womb of royal kings,
Fear’d by their breed and famous by their birth,
Renowned for their deeds as far from home,
For Christian service and true chivalry, 55
As is the sepulchre in stubborn Jewry,
Of the world’s ransom, blessed Mary’s Son,
This land of such dear souls, this dear dear land,
Dear for her reputation through the world,
Is now leased out, I die pronouncing it, 60
Like to a tenement or pelting farm:
England, bound in with the triumphant sea
Whose rocky shore beats back the envious siege
Of watery Neptune, is now bound in with shame,
With inky blots and rotten parchment bonds: 65
That England, that was wont to conquer others,
Hath made a shameful conquest of itself.
Ah, would the scandal vanish with my life,
How happy then were my ensuing death!
DUKE OF YORKThe king is come: deal mildly with his youth; 70
For young hot colts being raged do rage the more.
QUEENHow fares our noble uncle, Lancaster?
KING RICHARD IIWhat comfort, man? how is’t with aged Gaunt?
JOHN OF GAUNTO how that name befits my composition!
Old Gaunt indeed, and gaunt in being old: 75
Within me grief hath kept a tedious fast;
And who abstains from meat that is not gaunt?
For sleeping England long time have I watch’d;
Watching breeds leanness, leanness is all gaunt:
The pleasure that some fathers feed upon, 80
Is my strict fast; I mean, my children’s looks;
And therein fasting, hast thou made me gaunt:
Gaunt am I for the grave, gaunt as a grave,
Whose hollow womb inherits nought but bones.
KING RICHARD IICan sick men play so nicely with their names? 85
JOHN OF GAUNTNo, misery makes sport to mock itself:
Since thou dost seek to kill my name in me,
I mock my name, great king, to flatter thee.
KING RICHARD IIShould dying men flatter with those that live?
JOHN OF GAUNTNo, no, men living flatter those that die. 90
KING RICHARD IIThou, now a-dying, say’st thou flatterest me.
JOHN OF GAUNTO, no! thou diest, though I the sicker be.
KING RICHARD III am in health, I breathe, and see thee ill.
JOHN OF GAUNTNow He that made me knows I see thee ill;
Ill in myself to see, and in thee seeing ill. 95
Thy death-bed is no lesser than thy land
Wherein thou liest in reputation sick;
And thou, too careless patient as thou art,
Commit’st thy anointed body to the cure
Of those physicians that first wounded thee: 100
A thousand flatterers sit within thy crown,
Whose compass is no bigger than thy head;
And yet, incaged in so small a verge,
The waste is no whit lesser than thy land.
O, had thy grandsire with a prophet’s eye 105
Seen how his son’s son should destroy his sons,
From forth thy reach he would have laid thy shame,
Deposing thee before thou wert possess’d,
Which art possess’d now to depose thyself.
Why, cousin, wert thou regent of the world, 110
It were a shame to let this land by lease;
But for thy world enjoying but this land,
Is it not more than shame to shame it so?
Landlord of England art thou now, not king:
Thy state of law is bondslave to the law; And thou– 115
KING RICHARD IIA lunatic lean-witted fool,
Presuming on an ague’s privilege,
Darest with thy frozen admonition
Make pale our cheek, chasing the royal blood
With fury from his native residence. 120
Now, by my seat’s right royal majesty,
Wert thou not brother to great Edward’s son,
This tongue that runs so roundly in thy head
Should run thy head from thy unreverent shoulders.
JOHN OF GAUNTO, spare me not, my brother Edward’s son, 125
For that I was his father Edward’s son;
That blood already, like the pelican,
Hast thou tapp’d out and drunkenly caroused:
My brother Gloucester, plain well-meaning soul,
Whom fair befal in heaven ‘mongst happy souls! 130
May be a precedent and witness good
That thou respect’st not spilling Edward’s blood:
Join with the present sickness that I have;
And thy unkindness be like crooked age,
To crop at once a too long wither’d flower. 135
Live in thy shame, but die not shame with thee!
These words hereafter thy tormentors be!
Convey me to my bed, then to my grave:
Love they to live that love and honour have.
Exit, borne off by his Attendants
KING RICHARD IIAnd let them die that age and sullens have; 140
For both hast thou, and both become the grave.
DUKE OF YORKI do beseech your majesty, impute his words
To wayward sickliness and age in him:
He loves you, on my life, and holds you dear
As Harry Duke of Hereford, were he here. 145
KING RICHARD IIRight, you say true: as Hereford’s love, so his;
As theirs, so mine; and all be as it is.
NORTHUMBERLANDMy liege, old Gaunt commends him to your majesty.
KING RICHARD IIWhat says he?
NORTHUMBERLANDNay, nothing; all is said 150
His tongue is now a stringless instrument;
Words, life and all, old Lancaster hath spent.
DUKE OF YORKBe York the next that must be bankrupt so!
Though death be poor, it ends a mortal woe.
KING RICHARD IIThe ripest fruit first falls, and so doth he; 155
His time is spent, our pilgrimage must be.
So much for that. Now for our Irish wars:
We must supplant those rough rug-headed kerns,
Which live like venom where no venom else
But only they have privilege to live. 160
And for these great affairs do ask some charge,
Towards our assistance we do seize to us
The plate, corn, revenues and moveables,
Whereof our uncle Gaunt did stand possess’d.
DUKE OF YORKHow long shall I be patient? ah, how long 165
Shall tender duty make me suffer wrong?
Not Gloucester’s death, nor Hereford’s banishment
Not Gaunt’s rebukes, nor England’s private wrongs,
Nor the prevention of poor Bolingbroke
About his marriage, nor my own disgrace, 170
Have ever made me sour my patient cheek,
Or bend one wrinkle on my sovereign’s face.
I am the last of noble Edward’s sons,
Of whom thy father, Prince of Wales, was first:
In war was never lion raged more fierce, 175
In peace was never gentle lamb more mild,
Than was that young and princely gentleman.
His face thou hast, for even so look’d he,
Accomplish’d with the number of thy hours;
But when he frown’d, it was against the French 180
And not against his friends; his noble hand
Did will what he did spend and spent not that
Which his triumphant father’s hand had won;
His hands were guilty of no kindred blood,
But bloody with the enemies of his kin. 185
O Richard! York is too far gone with grief,
Or else he never would compare between.
KING RICHARD IIWhy, uncle, what’s the matter?
DUKE OF YORKO my liege,
Pardon me, if you please; if not, I, pleased 190
Not to be pardon’d, am content withal.
Seek you to seize and gripe into your hands
The royalties and rights of banish’d Hereford?
Is not Gaunt dead, and doth not Hereford live?
Was not Gaunt just, and is not Harry true? 195
Did not the one deserve to have an heir?
Is not his heir a well-deserving son?
Take Hereford’s rights away, and take from Time
His charters and his customary rights;
Let not to-morrow then ensue to-day; 200
Be not thyself; for how art thou a king
But by fair sequence and succession?
Now, afore God–God forbid I say true!–
If you do wrongfully seize Hereford’s rights,
Call in the letters patent that he hath 205
By his attorneys-general to sue
His livery, and deny his offer’d homage,
You pluck a thousand dangers on your head,
You lose a thousand well-disposed hearts
And prick my tender patience, to those thoughts 210
Which honour and allegiance cannot think.
KING RICHARD IIThink what you will, we seize into our hands
His plate, his goods, his money and his lands.
DUKE OF YORKI’ll not be by the while: my liege, farewell:
What will ensue hereof, there’s none can tell; 215
But by bad courses may be understood
That their events can never fall out good.
KING RICHARD IIGo, Bushy, to the Earl of Wiltshire straight:
Bid him repair to us to Ely House
To see this business. To-morrow next 220
We will for Ireland; and ’tis time, I trow:
And we create, in absence of ourself,
Our uncle York lord governor of England;
For he is just and always loved us well.
Come on, our queen: to-morrow must we part; 225
Be merry, for our time of stay is short
NORTHUMBERLANDWell, lords, the Duke of Lancaster is dead.
LORD ROSSAnd living too; for now his son is duke.
LORD WILLOUGHBYBarely in title, not in revenue.
NORTHUMBERLANDRichly in both, if justice had her right. 230
LORD ROSSMy heart is great; but it must break with silence,
Ere’t be disburden’d with a liberal tongue.
NORTHUMBERLANDNay, speak thy mind; and let him ne’er speak more
That speaks thy words again to do thee harm!
LORD WILLOUGHBYTends that thou wouldst speak to the Duke of Hereford? 235
If it be so, out with it boldly, man;
Quick is mine ear to hear of good towards him.
LORD ROSSNo good at all that I can do for him;
Unless you call it good to pity him,
Bereft and gelded of his patrimony. 240
NORTHUMBERLANDNow, afore God, ’tis shame such wrongs are borne
In him, a royal prince, and many moe
Of noble blood in this declining land.
The king is not himself, but basely led
By flatterers; and what they will inform, 245
Merely in hate, ‘gainst any of us all,
That will the king severely prosecute
‘Gainst us, our lives, our children, and our heirs.
LORD ROSSThe commons hath he pill’d with grievous taxes,
And quite lost their hearts: the nobles hath he fined 250
For ancient quarrels, and quite lost their hearts.
LORD WILLOUGHBYAnd daily new exactions are devised,
As blanks, benevolences, and I wot not what:
But what, o’ God’s name, doth become of this?
NORTHUMBERLANDWars have not wasted it, for warr’d he hath not, 255
But basely yielded upon compromise
That which his noble ancestors achieved with blows:
More hath he spent in peace than they in wars.
LORD ROSSThe Earl of Wiltshire hath the realm in farm.
LORD WILLOUGHBYThe king’s grown bankrupt, like a broken man. 260
NORTHUMBERLANDReproach and dissolution hangeth over him.
LORD ROSSHe hath not money for these Irish wars,
His burthenous taxations notwithstanding,
But by the robbing of the banish’d duke.
NORTHUMBERLANDHis noble kinsman: most degenerate king! 265
But, lords, we hear this fearful tempest sing,
Yet see no shelter to avoid the storm;
We see the wind sit sore upon our sails,
And yet we strike not, but securely perish.
LORD ROSSWe see the very wreck that we must suffer; 270
And unavoided is the danger now,
For suffering so the causes of our wreck.
NORTHUMBERLANDNot so; even through the hollow eyes of death
I spy life peering; but I dare not say
How near the tidings of our comfort is. 275
LORD WILLOUGHBYNay, let us share thy thoughts, as thou dost ours.
LORD ROSSBe confident to speak, Northumberland:
We three are but thyself; and, speaking so,
Thy words are but as thoughts; therefore, be bold.
NORTHUMBERLANDThen thus: I have from Port le Blanc, a bay 280
In Brittany, received intelligence
That Harry Duke of Hereford, Rainold Lord Cobham,
That late broke from the Duke of Exeter,
His brother, Archbishop late of Canterbury,
Sir Thomas Erpingham, Sir John Ramston, 285
Sir John Norbery, Sir Robert Waterton and Francis Quoint,
All these well furnish’d by the Duke of Bretagne
With eight tall ships, three thousand men of war,
Are making hither with all due expedience
And shortly mean to touch our northern shore: 290
Perhaps they had ere this, but that they stay
The first departing of the king for Ireland.
If then we shall shake off our slavish yoke,
Imp out our drooping country’s broken wing,
Redeem from broking pawn the blemish’d crown, 295
Wipe off the dust that hides our sceptre’s gilt
And make high majesty look like itself,
Away with me in post to Ravenspurgh;
But if you faint, as fearing to do so,
Stay and be secret, and myself will go. 300
LORD ROSSTo horse, to horse! urge doubts to them that fear.
LORD WILLOUGHBYHold out my horse, and I will first be there.

Richard II, Act 2, Scene 2