Shakespeare’s Kings and Queens: A Timeline

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Monarchs from the Houses of Normandy, Angevin, Plantagenet, and Lancaster

HOUSE OF NORMANDY

WILLIAM I
Reigned:1066-1087
Born: Falaise, Normandy, France (1027)
Died: Hermentrube, France (1087)
Father: Robert II, 6th Duke of Normandy
Mother: Herleva (Arletta)
Buried: Caen, France
Alias: William the Conqueror

WILLIAM II
Reigned:1087-1100
Born: Normandy, France (1056)
Died: New Forest, Hampshire, England (1100)
Father: William I (The Conqueror)
Mother: Matilda of Flanders
Buried: Winchester Cathedral, London, England
Alias: William Rufus

HENRY I
Reigned:1100-1135
Born:Selby, Yorkshire, England (1068)
Died: St Denis-le-Fermont, Near Gisors, France (1135)
Father: William I (The Conqueror)
Mother: Matilda of Flanders
Buried: Reading Abbey, Berkshire, England
Alias: Henry Beauclerc

STEPHEN
Reigned:1135-1154
Born:Blois, France (1096)
Died: Dover Castle, Kent (1154)
Father: Stephen II Henry de Blois, Count of Blois
Mother: Adela, Countess of Blois, daughter of William the Conqueror
Buried: Faversham Abbey, Kent, England

HOUSE OF ANGEVIN (LATER PLANTAGENET)

HENRY II
Reigned:1154-1189
Born:Le Mans, Anjou, France (1133)
Died: Chinon Castle, France (1189)
Father: Plantagenet, Geoffrey V the Fair, Count of Anjou
Mother: Matilda, Queen of England, daughter of Henry I
Buried: Henry Curtmantle
Alias: Fontevrault Abbey, France

RICHARD I
Reigned:1189-1199
Born:Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England (1157)
Died: Limousin, France (1199)
Father: Henry II, King of England
Mother: Eleanor of Aquitaine, Duchess of Aquitaine
Buried: Fontevrault Abbey, France
Alias: Richard the Lionheart

JOHN
Reigned:1199-1216
Born:Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England (1167)
Died: Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England (1216)
Father: Henry II, King of England
Mother: Eleanor of Aquitaine, Duchess of Aquitaine
Buried: Worcester Cathedral
Alias: John Lackland

HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET

HENRY III
Reigned:1216-1272
Born:Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England (1207)
Died: Westminster Palace, London, England (1272)
Father: John, King of England
Mother: Taillefer, Isabella of Angouleme, Queen of England
Buried: Westminster Abbey, London, England

EDWARD I 
Reigned: 1272-1307
Born: Westminster Palace, London, England (1239)
Died: Burgh-On-Sands, Cumberland, England (1307)
Father: Henry III, King of England
Mother: Berenger, Eleanor of Provence
Alias: Edward Longshanks
Buried: Westminster Abbey, London, England

EDWARD II
Reigned: 1307-1327
Born: Caernarvon Castle, Wales (1284)
Died: Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire, England (1327)
Father: Edward I, King of England
Mother: Eleanor of Castile
Alias: Edward Caernarvon
Buried: Gloucester Cathedral

EDWARD III
Reigned: 1327-1377
Born: Windsor Castle, Windsor, England (1312)
Died: Sheen Palace, Surrey (1377)
Father: Edward II, King of England
Mother: Isabella of France
Son: John of Gaunt
Buried: Westminster Abbey, London, England

RICHARD II 
Reigned: 1377-1399 (deposed)
Born: Bordeaux, Gascony, France (1367)
Executed: Pontefract Castle, Yorkshire, England (1400)
Father: Edward (the Black Prince), Prince of Wales
Mother: Plantagenet, Joan, Countess of Kent
Buried: Westminster Abbey, London, England (1413)

HOUSE OF LANCASTER

HENRY IV
Reigned: 1399-1413
Born: Bolingbrooke Castle, Lincolnshire, England (1366)
Died: Jerusalem Chamber at Westminster Abbey, London, England (1413)
Father: Plantagenet, John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster
Mother: Plantagenet, Blanche of Lancaster, Countess of Derby
Alias: Henry Bolingbroke
Buried: Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England

HENRY V
Reigned: 1413-1422
Born: Monmouth Castle, Wales (1387)
Died: Bois de Vincennes, France (1422)
Father: Plantagenet, Henry IV, King of England
Mother: Mary de Bohun
Buried: Westminster Abbey, London, England

HENRY VI
Reigned: 1422-1461 (deposed)
Born: Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England (1421)
Murdered: Tower of London, London, England (1471)
Father: Plantegenet, Henry V, King of England
Mother: Catherine de Valois of France
Buried: St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle, England (1485)


HOUSE OF YORK

EDWARD IV 
Reigned: 1461-70, 1471-1483
Born: Rouen, France (1442)
Died: Westminster Palace, London, England (1483)
Father: Plantagenet, Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York
Mother: Lady Cicely Neville
Buried: St George’s Chapel, Windsor England

EDWARD V 
Reigned: 1483-1483 (deposed after reigning seventy-seven days)
Born: Westminster Abbey, England (1470)
Murdered: Tower of London, London, England (1483)
Father: Plantagenet, Edward IV, King of England
Mother: Elizabeth Woodville
Buried: Westminster Abbey, London, England (1678)

RICHARD III
Reigned: 1483-1485
Born: Fotheringhay Castle, Northants, England (1452)
Died: Battle of Bosworth, Leicestershire (1485)
Father: Plantagenet, Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York
Mother: Lady Cicely Neville
Buried:Grey Friars Abbey, Leicester

HOUSE OF TUDOR 

HENRY VII
Reigned: 1485-1509
Born: Pembroke Castle, Wales (1457)
Died: Richmond Palace, Richmond, Surrey, England (1509)
Father: Tudor, Edmund, Earl of Richmond
Mother: Margaret Beaufort of Richmond, Countess of Richmond
Buried: Westminster Abbey, London

HENRY VIII
Reigned: 1509-1547
Born: Greenwich Palace, London, England (1457)
Died: Whitehall Palace, London, England (1547)
Father: Tudor, Henry VII, King of England
Mother: Plantagenet, Elizabeth of York
Buried: St.George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle, England

EDWARD VI
Reigned: 1547-1553
Born: Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, England (1537)
Died: Greenwich Palace, London, England (1553)
Father: Tudor, Henry VIII, King of England
Mother: Jane Seymour
Buried: Westminster Abbey, London, England

JANE (LADY JANE GREY)
Reigned: 1553-1553 (deposed)
Born: Bradgate, Leicestershire (1537)
Died: Tower of London, London, England (1553)
Father: Grey, Henry, 1st Duke of Suffolk
Mother: Brandon, Frances
Buried: Tower of London, Chapel Royal, London, England

MARY I 
Reigned:1553-1558
Born: Greenwich Palace, London, England (1516)
Died: St. James Palace, London, England (1558)
Father: Tudor, Henry VIII, King of England
Mother: Catherine of Aragon
Alias: Bloody Mary
Buried: Westminster Abbey, London, England

Elizabeth I
Reigned: 1558-1603
Born: Greenwich Palace, London, England (1533)
Died: Richmond Palace, London, England (1603)
Father: Tudor, Henry VIII, King of England
Mother: Anne Boleyn, Marchioness of Pembroke
Alias: The Virgin Queen; Queen Bess
Buried: Westminster Abbey, London, England

HOUSE OF STUART

JAMES I 
Reigned: 1603-1625
Born: Edinburgh Castle, Scotland (1566)
Died: Hertfordshire, Herts, England (1625)
Father: Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
Mother: Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots
Alias: James VI of Scotland
Buried: Westminster Abbey, London, England